The Gender Inequality Index (GII) - UNDP
The disadvantages facing women and
girls are a major source of inequality. All too often, women and girls are
discriminated against in health, education and the labour market — with
negative repercussions for their freedoms. We introduce a new measure of these
inequalities built on the same framework as the HDI and the IHDI — to
better expose differences in the distribution of achievements between women and
Gender inequality varies
tremendously across countries—the losses in achievement due to gender
inequality (not directly comparable to total inequality losses because
different variables are used) range from 17 percent to 85 percent.
Countries with unequal
distribution of human development also experience high inequality between women
and men, and countries with high gender inequality also experience unequal
distribution of human development.
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Asked Questions (FAQs) about the Gender Inequality Index (GII)
- What is the Gender Inequality Index?
- What are its main
findings in terms of national and regional patterns of inequality?
- How can the GII be
- What are the limitations
of the Gender Inequality Index?
- What are the sources of
data used for calculating the Gender Inequality Index?
- What is the rationale
for using the indicators for health when there are no equivalents for
- How do you calculate the
Gender Inequality Index when some of indicators have a value of zero?
- Does the new Gender
Inequality Index replace previous Reports’ Gender Development Index and
Gender Empowerment Measure?
- What were the main
limitations of the previous gender measures (the GDI and GEM)?
- How does the Gender
Inequality Index overcome these limitations?
- What is the policy
relevance of the Gender Inequality Index?
- How are the Inequality-adjusted
HDI and Gender Inequality Index related?
- Can the indicators be
adapted at the country level?
- Will the Gender
Inequality Index become a permanent feature of UNDP’s global Human
- What is the difference
between the 2010 Human Development Report’s Gender Inequality Index (GII)
and other recently released Gender indices?