Link to Full 52-Page 2011 Report:


The proportion of women living with HIV has remained stable at 50% globally, although women are more affected in sub-Saharan Africa (59% of all people living with HIV) and the Caribbean (53%).

As outlined in the Global Plan Towards the Elimination of New HIV Infections Among Children by 2015 and Keeping Their Mothers Alive, action is required in four areas. First, intensified efforts are needed to prevent HIV infection in women of reproductive age by stopping sexual and injecting-drug-related transmission. Primary HIV prevention efforts should also be integrated in antenatal care, postpartum care, and other health and HIV service-delivery channels.

Second, the access gap for women’s family-planning services must be closed. These services enable women to avoid unintended pregnancies and optimize other health outcomes.

Third, pregnant women should routinely be offered HIV testing and counselling, and pregnant women living with HIV and their newborns should have guaranteed access to antiretroviral drugs to reduce the odds of HIV transmission during pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding. Infant feeding counselling and support should be provided.

Fourth, HIV care, treatment and support should be universally available to women, children living with HIV, and their families. Success in this area will demand efforts to close gaps in children’s access to early infant diagnosis and paediatric care and treatment services, as well as initiating lifelong antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive pregnant women.